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Arak reactor secondary circuit is launched
Dr. Salehi commenting in the ceremony declared I.R. of Iran will definitely emerge victorious.
On Dec/23 the first stage for the installation of the Arak reactor equipments, consisting of installing cap cover and secondary circuit, was launched in the presence of Dr. Salehi, AEOI head, Khondab heavy water reactor complex authorities, and press-media representatives.
The secondary unit consists of heat exchanges, middle pool and transmission pumps (hot water, cooling towers and water return pumps). The reactor's cap cover is a super heavy electromechanical complex with a 100 tons weight and 7/2 meter diameter.
Dr. Salehi with respect to the Arak reactor structural function, specification and other inquiries offered the following comments to the press.
The reactor's cap cover is composed of 3 parts with a 100 tons weight. We have installed these covers and may again remove them. This demands maneuver and practicing. The middle section might be changed which weighs around 10 to 15 tons and might require new designing.
We have greatly advanced in various dimensions of nuclear technology such as exploration, excavation, research reactors designing, heavy water, and nuclear industry applications in the spheres of industry, health and agriculture. With regard to the Arak reactor cold testing process, the modernization of the Arak reactor requires at least 5 years, and i expect roughly the cold testing will start in 2 years times (2021).
We have an excellent background vis-à-vis cooperation with the IAEA in different areas of safeguard agreement, additional protocol and JCPOA and will continue to do so according to our admitted commitments, which has been confirmed in the 15 or 16 reports issued by the agency so far.
With respect to the JCPOA, the French interfered to offer a mutually accepted solution by both sides. The Americans have insisted on Iran's refrain from moving towards nuclear weapons direction, which we have on a number of occasions on this matter issued moral religious decrees.
Our logical proposal is to remove the unjust, unfair sanctions to smooth the ways of JCPOA healthy revival. Without this move, renegotiation of JCPOA has no meaning and Iran will not take any action.
We have admitted the restrictions indicated in the JCPOA, but we are yet obliged, to maintain a minimum level of 200 thousand (SWU) which is the necessary base for keeping the enrichment capacity which requires 300 tons of primary material annually.
Before the JCPOA accord, our maximum uranium production was 10 tons on an average scale, but now this level has reached 30 tons which hopefully will add up to 100 tons, and in a 10 year outlook up to 300 tons as negotiated during the JCPOA talks.
The limitations we have legally accepted have not damaged the essence of our nuclear industry. At present, we are building two new power plants at a cost of 10 billion dollars, which is an unpatrolled performance on the world scale.
With respect to the Europe's role in preserving JCPOA, we have good intentions in this regard. The deal is vital to the Europe's security, and they want it to last and function, but their ability in this respect raises questions.
Europe has shown weakness with respect to the U.S pressures. If Europe moves towards the threat of trigger mechanism, nothing will be left of (JCPOA) future. The Europeans must show some solidarity and integrity. In case the Europeans remain with their commitment, Iran will also show positive signs.
At present time, on the power plant level, we pursue to produce 20 thousands Megawatt nuclear electricity of which the two new plant are part of this plan.
There are many impediments on this way imposed from outside.
Building nuclear power plants are expensive. Each plant demands 5 billion dollar investment. To achieve the 20/000 MW objective is a long term project which is difficult.
The outlook of our nuclear industry due to the recent great achievements by our scientists is optimistic, in spite of the difficulties mentioned. We mainly pursue small reactor projects that do not need much cooling water, considering that Iran is a semi-dry country.
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