The purpose of the conference is to review the progress of operational safety improvements being introduced in the light of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident and to foster the exchange of information on operational safety performance and operating experience at NPPs.
Currently, there are over 400 NPP units in operation worldwide and around 150 units are in various stage of decommissioning. Some 50 units have been shut down following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident and consideration is being given to whether they will restart their operation or will enter the decommissioning stage. Around 70 units are under construction and several countries have announced their intention to embark on new nuclear power programmes or expand existing programmes.
A key contributor to enhancing nuclear safety is the ability to implementation of the lessons from operational experience worldwide. While the IAEA and the Nuclear Energy Agency of the organization for Economic cooperation and Development (OECD/NEA) operate an effective system for collecting operational experience- namely, the International Reporting System for Operating Experience (IRS)- further efforts are needed to develop an effective means to review the implementation rate of the lessons learned.